Cardiobacterium hominis is a slow-growing, fastidious, capnophilic, Gram- negative bacillus represented by the “C” in HACEK, an acronym for. Cardiobacterium hominis is a member of the HACEK group (Haemophilus paraphrophilus, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, Aggregatibacter. Cardiobacterium hominis, a microaerophilic, pleomorphic gram-negative bacillus , is one of the AACEK organisms. C. hominis is a component of the normal flora.

Author: Ketaur Jujind
Country: Norway
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Health and Food
Published (Last): 15 July 2017
Pages: 309
PDF File Size: 6.39 Mb
ePub File Size: 15.83 Mb
ISBN: 179-6-98756-786-9
Downloads: 88483
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Nikolkree

The isolate described in the first of these two cases 20 was reported to be resistant to cefotaxime in addition to penicillin, although the criteria used to determine resistance were unclear.

Cardiobacterium hominis – Infectious Disease and Antimicrobial Agents

Susceptibility testing was performed on the isolates from both of our patients. The current recommendation for first-line treatment is a third-generation cephalosporin ceftriaxone for four weeks six weeks if a prosthetic valve is in place. Endocarditis due to strain of Cardiobacterium hominis resistant to erythromycin and vancomycin.

Articles with incomplete citations from December All articles with incomplete citations Articles with ‘species’ microformats. Antibiotic treatment of adults with infective endocarditis due to streptococci, enterococci, carsiobacterium, and HACEK organisms.

There was a problem providing the content you requested

One of these presented with meningitis Description of two patients and characterization of the organism. Cardiobacterium hominis endocarditis [Letter]. Treatment was detailed for 58 of the 61 patients, all of whom received a penicillin or cephalosporin sometime during the course of therapy.


J Clin Microbiol ; Blood cultures should be repeated if fever persists during antibiotic therapy or recurs following conclusion of long-term therapy. South Med J ; Arch Intern Med ; Infective endocarditis cardiobactterium by slow-growing, fastidious, gram-negative bacteria.

Gentamicin alone for 6 weeks has been reported to be successful 5. Cultures taken from cardiobacteeium removed porcine valve yielded no growth. Since different susceptibility testing methods were used, direct comparison of the susceptibilities of the two isolates is difficult.

Botha P, Venter M. There has been one case report in the literature of bacteremia due to upper gastrointestinal endoscopy as the potential cause of C hominis endocarditis 2. The patient’s troponin I value was slightly increased at 0. Cardiobacterium hominis as a cause of bacterial cardjobacterium. However, there are published cases that exist describing beta-lactamase-producing C hominis. Further characterization of bominis unclassified group of bacteria causing endocarditis in man: Case reports and methods Two cases of C.

Abdominal abscess due to Cardiobacterium hominis and Clostridium bifermentans. Table 6 Outcome of 60 cases of C. Fluorescent antibody detection of human occurrence of an unclassified bacterial group causing endocarditis. Of the three cases of apparent bacteremia without endocardial involvement, one occurred in a year-old man csrdiobacterium underlying adenocarcinoma of the right kidney with an abscess involving the cecum and the right kidney [ 53 ].

Clin Microbiol Infect ; Four cases with clinical and laboratory observations. S Afr Med J ; Endocarditis due to beta-lactamase-producing Cardiobacterium hominis.

  DIN 1356-1 PDF

Manual of clinical microbiology. She had neither splenomegaly nor peripheral embolic homijis, but she had significant point tenderness near the right trochanteric bursa and sacroiliac joint, thought to be caused by bursitis. Atypical presentation of Cardiobacterium hominis endocarditis. Anaplasma phagocytophilum Human granulocytic anaplasmosisAnaplasmosis Ehrlichia chaffeensis Human monocytotropic ehrlichiosis Ehrlichia ewingii Ehrlichiosis ewingii infection.

Cardiobacterium hominis – Wikipedia

Conclusion C hominis is an infrequent cause of endocarditis. Transthoracic echo-cardiography TTE demonstrated prosthetic aortic valve dehiscence and a paravalvular abscess.

In Junehe underwent an upper and lower endoscopy for anemia, without receiving antibiotic prophylaxis. Sign in cardiobatcerium download free article PDFs Sign in to access your subscriptions Sign in to your personal account.

Septicaemia caused by Cardiobacterium hominis. Report of four cases. Numbers in parentheses indicate the numbers cardobacterium patients that could be evaluated; where no parentheses appear, percentages reflect those of the total number of cases in a series.

cardiobactdrium Two holes were observed in the aortic valve noted to be quadricuspidwhich was also replaced. Adjunctive therapy is primarily valve replacement when required. Orthopnea and dyspnea may be a part of the presentation if the valvular lesion has progressed to the point where it is causing heart failure 338 Cardiobacterium hominis endocarditis with cerebral mycotic aneurysm.