Émile Durkheim, known as one of the founding fathers of sociology, was Mechanical Solidarity; Occupational Groups; Organic Solidarity; Repressive Laws;. French sociologist Emile Durkheim () coined the terms mechanical and organic solidarity to describe types of social organization, that is, ways in. On the one hand, we specify mechanical and organic solidarity as a focuses on the theory of solidarity presented by Émile Durkheim in The.

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Durkheim introduced the terms “mechanical” and “organic solidarity” as part of his theory of the development of societies in The Division of Labour in Society According to Durkheim, the types of social solidarity oryanic with types of society, which are mechanical and organic societies.

In a society exhibiting mechanical solidarity, its cohesion and integration comes from the homogeneity of individuals—people feel connected through similar work, educational and religious training, and lifestyle.

Mechanical solidarity normally operates in “traditional” and small-scale societies. Organic solidarity comes from the interdependence that arises from specialization of work and the complementarities between people—a development which occurs in modern and industrial societies. Although individuals perform different tasks orbanic often have different values and interests, the order and very solidarity of society depends on their reliance on each other to perform their specified tasks.


Thus, social solidarity is maintained in more amd societies through the interdependence of its component parts e.

A: Durkheim’s Mechanical and Organic Solidarity – Social Sci LibreTexts

The two types of solidarity can be distinguished by morphological and demographic featurestype of norms in existence, and the intensity and content of the conscience collective. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Durkheim and the eemile. His life and Work London: Social integration Collective consciousness Mechanical and organic solidarity Social fact Sociology of knowledge Sacred—profane dichotomy Quantitative methods in criminology Statistical social research Collective effervescence Anomie.

Positivism Totemism History of sociology.

Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 3 Novemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Based on resemblances predominant in less advanced societies Segmental type first clan-based, later territorial Little interdependence social bonds relatively weak Relatively low volume of population Relatively low material and moral density.


Based on division of labor predominately in more advanced societies Organized type fusion of markets and growth of cities Much interdependency social bonds relatively strong Relatively high volume of population Relatively high material and moral density. Rules with restitutive sanctions Prevalence solidaritu cooperative law civil, commercial, procedural, administrative and constitutional law.

High volume High intensity High determinateness Collective authority absolute. Low volume Low intensity Low eemile More room for individual initiative and reflection. Highly religious Transcendental superior to human interests and beyond discussion Attaching supreme value to society and interests of society as a whole Concrete and specific. Increasingly secular Human-orientated concerned with human interests and open to discussion Attaching supreme value to individual dignity, equality of opportunity, work ethic and social justice Abstract and general.